European Union

Making policy for climate’s sake

Europe is the land where climate policy has been explicit. Seeking to lead the world in terms of climate mitigation policy, it has integrated policy across many, varied states, and its nations have developed and implemented ambitious policies of their own. The challenge in Europe is to continue providing leadership in the face of an economic crisis, while accounting for national differences in outlook and policy.


These graphs show the changes in emissions and growth in the Power, Industry, and Buildings sectors in the EU


Agriculture Agricultural emissions in the EU27

Emissions have declined since 1990, despite a slight increase in agricultural production.


    Power Emissions and generation in the EU27

    Emissions intensity fell fast enough that emissions declined overall, even though electricity generation grew.


      Industry Industrial emissions and production in the EU27

      Despite increasing output in the industrial sector, direct emissions fell, while electricity demand rose as the industrial sector shifted fuel consumption towards a less carbon intensive fuel mix.


        Buildings Building emissions in the EU27

        Emissions associated with direct fuel combustion in the buildings sector fell, but were offset by a shift from direct to indirect emissions due to a rise in electricity consumption.


          Transport Transportation emissions and passenger miles and freight transport index

          Passenger miles and freight transport rose rapidly before declining as a result of the recession. Emissions grew slowly but steadily until they peaked in the mid-2000s.