Balancing climate policy and development

India has aggressive renewable energy targets and industry energy efficiency policies, but faces significant infrastructure challenges, which may derail otherwise good policy. India is growing rapidly and represented 8% of the increase in global energy-related CO₂ emissions between 2000 and 2010.

subjectEmissions Drivers

These graphs show the changes in emissions drivers in the Power, Industry, and Agriculture sectors in India


Agriculture Agricultural net exports

Output grew to meet domestic food demand (not shown) and the export of agricultural raw materials.


    Power Fuel sources for power generation

    Most new generation came from conventional sources (particularly coal), although the past decade saw exponential growth in renewable energy generation.


      Industry Sectoral intensity changes

      Indian industry largely improved in efficiency, although performance at a sectoral level was mixed. The steel industry emissions intensity increased due to an increase in primary steel production versus scrap.