These graphs show the changes in Industry emissions drivers in China, the EU, India, and the US
United States Energy intensity by sector
As manufacturing grew, industrial sectors generally improved their energy intensity, but in some cases performance declined. Structural changes to U.S. industry led to lower emissions intensity.
European Union Energy efficiency index (Odex) in industry in the EU27
Industrial energy efficiency improved across the board since 1990. There were no structural changes in industry that affected emissions intensity.
India Sectoral intensity changes
Indian industry largely improved in efficiency, although performance at a sectoral level was mixed. The steel industry emissions intensity increased due to an increase in primary steel production versus scrap.
China Sector energy intensity
Industrial emissions intensity improved dramatically across all sectors, although from a generally high starting point.