Emissions fell in the more developed countries, as policies, rising energy prices, and pressure to maintain economic competitiveness combined with the gradual decline and movement offshore of more carbon intensive industries. In the developing world, meanwhile, rapid growth and industrialization overwhelmed the significant improvement in energy efficiency that was possible due to the lower starting efficiency of industries there.

subjectEmissions Drivers

These graphs show the changes in Industry emissions drivers in China, the EU, India, and the US


United States Energy intensity by sector

As manufacturing grew, industrial sectors generally improved their energy intensity, but in some cases performance declined. Structural changes to U.S. industry led to lower emissions intensity.


    European Union Energy efficiency index (Odex) in industry in the EU27

    Industrial energy efficiency improved across the board since 1990. There were no structural changes in industry that affected emissions intensity.


      India Sectoral intensity changes

      Indian industry largely improved in efficiency, although performance at a sectoral level was mixed. The steel industry emissions intensity increased due to an increase in primary steel production versus scrap.


        China Sector energy intensity

        Industrial emissions intensity improved dramatically across all sectors, although from a generally high starting point.